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ASME (ANSI Z535) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA 1910.145) Specifications for Accident Prevention Signs require the use of Safety Signs to indicate and define specific hazards that, without identification, may lead to accidental injury to workers and/or the public or to property damage. There are many other standards and regulations for different applications that Brady signs comply to. Some of these standards are listed below with a summary. For a complete definition of these standards and regulations, please reference the ANSI and OSHA organizations.
BIOHAZARD (Bloodborne Pathogen)
- Biohazard Symbol 1910.145(e)(4)
The biological hazard warning shall be used to signify the actual or potential presence of a biohazard and to identify equipment, containers, rooms, materials, experimental animals, or combinations thereof, which contain, or are contaminated with, viable hazardous agents.
- Biohazard Marking 1910.1030(g)(1)
Warning labels must be affixed to containers of regulated waste, refrigerators and freezers containing blood or other potentially infectious material. The labels must include the biohazard symbol; and the word "BIOHAZARD."
- No Food or Drink 1910.1030(d)(2)(x) (Informational Marking)
Food and drink may not be kept in refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets or on countertops or bench tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials are present.
CHEMICAL & HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
- Hazard Communication 1910.12004
Every workplace exposure that an employee experiences is the responsibility of the employer. The worker has the right to know what he is being exposed to. You must placard to make the employee aware of this exposure. Under Hazard Communication, the employer must ensure that every container of hazardous chemicals in the workplace, where there is the potential of exposure, is labeled, tagged, or marked.
- Liquefied Hydrogen, Flammable Gas 1910.103(c)(2)(i)
Hydrogen storage sites must be placarded as follows: liquefied hydrogen - flammable gas - no smoking - no open flames.
- No Unauthorized Personnel 1910.103(c)(2)(i)
Hydrogen storage sites have to be fenced and posted to prevent entrance by unauthorized personnel.
- Hydrogen Gas Storage Areas 1910.103(b)(1)(v)
Hydrogen gas storage locations must be permanently placarded as follows: hydrogen - flammable gas - no smoking - no open flames, or the equivalent.
- Non-potable Water 1926.51(b)
Outlets for non-potable water must be identified with signs meeting the requirements of Subpart G of Part 1926 (Signs, Signals and Barricades) to clearly indicate that the water should not be used for drinking, washing, or cooking purposes.
- Signs 1910.1003-1016(e)(1)-(4)
Entrances to regulated areas where toxic and hazardous substances are manufactured, processed, repackaged, released, handled, or stored have to be posted with appropriate signs.
- Spill Control Station 1910.120 Appendix C
Where hazardous substances may be released by spilling from a container that will expose employees to the hazards of the materials, the employer will need to implement a program to contain and control the spilled material.
- Asbestos 1910.1001 (e)(2), (j)(1)
Entrances to regulated areas, where the airborne concentrations of asbestos exceed the exposure limits given in Subpart Z, 1910.1001(c), must be marked to minimize the number of persons exposed to asbestos.
- Ethylene Oxide 1910.1047(j)(1)
The employer has to post and maintain signs that show regulated areas and entrances or accessways to regulated areas.
- Benzene 1910.1028(j)(1) Warning Signs
The employer has to post warning signs at entrances to regulated areas.
- Lead 1910.1025(m)(1)-(2)
The employer has to post warning signs in each area where the permissible exposure limit (PEL) is exceeded.
- Caution: Clothing Contaminated with Lead 1926.62(g)(vii)
The construction lead exposure standard requires that clothing worn during lead exposure be handled separately. Containers of contaminated clothing must be labeled.
- Coke Oven Emissions 1910.1029(l)(2)
In areas regulated due to the presence of coke oven emissions, signs must be posted.
- Permit Required Confined Space, Do Not Enter 1910.146(c)(2)
Exposed employees must be informed of the existence and location of and the danger posed by permit-required confined spaces through the posting of danger signs or by any other equally effective means. A sign reading "DANGER - PERMIT - REQUIRED CONFINED SPACE, DO NOT ENTER" or using other similar language satisfies the requirement.
DIRECTIONAL & EXIT
- Not an Exit 1910.37(Q)
Any door, passage, or stairway that is not an exit or a way to get to an exit, but looks as though it could be an exit must be marked with a sign reading "NOT AN EXIT," or must be identified by a sign telling what it is, such as "to basement, " "storeroom," "linen closet," or whatever it may be.
- Evacuation Route 1910.38(a)(2), 1910.120(1)(2)(vi) (Informational Marking)
Elements of an emergency response plan. The employer shall develop an emergency response plan for emergencies which shall address, as minimum, the following...(vi) Evacuation routes and procedures.
- Exit 1910.37(q)(1),(3),(4),(6),(8)
Exits shall be marked by a readily visible sign. They must be of such size, color and design as to be readily visible, contrasting with the colors and decorations around them. A sign reading "EXIT" with an arrow showing the directions, must be placed in every location where the direction of travel to get to the nearest exit is not immediately obvious.
EAR AND EYE PROTECTION
- Ear Protection Required 1910.145(c)(2)
Caution signs are to be posted to indicate a possible hazard against which proper precautions should be taken. Whenever an employee is exposed to sound levels exceeding the levels prescribed by OSHA, the employer must ensure that hearing protection is worn. This informational marking serves to remind employees that they have entered an area where hearing protection must be worn.
- Eye Protection Required 1910.145(c)(2)
Caution signs are to be posted to indicate a possible hazard against which proper precautions should be taken.
Compressed air may only be used for cleaning purposes when the pressure is reduced to less than 30 p.s.i. and then only when effective chip guarding and personal protective equipment is used.
- High Voltage 1910.305(b)(3)
Covers for boxes shall be permanently marked "High Voltage". The marking shall be on the outside of the box cover and shall be readily visible and legible.
- Access Area Marking 1910.303(g)(1)
Sufficient access and working space must be provided and maintained about all electric equipment to permit ready and safe operation and maintenance of the equipment.
- Flammable: Keep Fire Away 1910.106(d)(3)(ii)
Storage cabinets in which you keep flammable liquids, such as gasoline, must be labeled in conspicuous lettering, "Flammable - Keep Fire Away."
- Fire Extinguisher Marking 1910.157(c)(1)
If you are using portable fire extinguishers, you must mount, locate and identify them so that they are readily accessible to employees.
- Fire Hose 1910.158(c)(1)
Where reels or cabinets are provided to contain fire hose, the employer must be sure that they are conspicuously identified and used only for fire equipment.
- First Aid 1910.252(f)(13), 1910.151(b) (Informational marking)
First aid supplies...shall be readily available.
- Emergency Eyewash and Shower 1910.151(c) (Informational marking)
Suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body must be provided in the work area for emergency use if workers' eyes or bodies are exposed to injurious corrosive materials. Appendix A (non-mandatory appendix) to 1910.1450, the National Research Council Recommendations Concerning Chemical Hygiene in Laboratories, recommends that location signs for safety showers, eyewash stations and other safety and first aid equipment be posted.
- Respirators 1910.134(f)(5)(l)
Respirators placed at stations and work areas for emergency use should be quickly accessible at all times and should be stored in compartments built for this purpose. The compartments should be clearly marked.
MACHINE & OPERATIONAL
- Do Not Operate Press Without Guard In Place 1910.145(c)(2)
Caution signs are to be used to indicate a possible hazard against which proper precautions should be taken. According to 1910.212, machine guarding must be provided to protect the operator or other employees in the machine area from hazards created at the point of operation, at ingoing nip points and near rotating parts. The caution sign in this situation serves as a reminder of the hazards associated with the nip points on the press.
- Only Non-Sparking Tools 1910.107(g)(2), (m)(2)
Only non-sparking tools shall be used in any area where organic peroxides are stored, mixed or applied.
- Clearance Limits 1910.176(e)
Clearance signs to warn of clearance limits shall be provided.
- Hot Metal 1910.252(b)(4)(vii)
After welding operations are completed, the welder shall mark the hot metal or provide some other means of warning other workers.
- Food and Beverage Consumption Appendix A to 1910.1450
Appendix A (non-mandatory appendix) to 1910.1450 recommends that signs designating areas where food and beverages can be consumed and stored be posted.
- Do Not Enter Lunchroom 29 CFR 1926.62(i)(4)
The employer shall assure that employees do not enter lunchroom facilities or eating areas with protective work clothing or equipment unless surface lead dust has been removed by vacuuming, downdraft booth, other cleaning method that limits dispersion of lead dust.
- No Food or Drink Beyond This Point 1910.141(g)
No employee shall be allowed to consume food or beverages in an area exposed to toxic material or in a toilet room.
- No Smoking 1910.106(E)(6)
Adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent the ignition of flammable vapors. Sources of ignition include but are not limited to open flames; lightning; smoking...
Hydrogen gas is generated in battery charging areas. Smoking shall be prohibited in the charging area.
- No Smoking, No Open Flames, No Water Reactive Materials 1910.106(d)(7)
Open flames and smoking shall not be permitted in flammable or combustible liquid storage areas. Water reactive materials may not be stored in the same room with flammable or combustible liquids.
- Personal Protective Equipment Required 1910.132(a)
Whenever a workplace hazard capable of causing injury or impairment through absorption, inhalation, or physical contact is present in the workplace, personal protective equipment must be provided, used and maintained. Posting a notice sign serves as a reminder to employees that personal protective equipment is necessary.
- Caution: Splashing, Personal Protective Equipment Required 1910.145(c)(2)
Caution signs are to be posted to indicate a possible hazard against which proper precautions should be taken.
RADIATION & LASER
- Radioactive Materials 1910.96(e)(5)
A sign or signs bearing the radiation caution symbol and the words. "Caution Radioactive Materials" must be posted.
- High Radiation Area 1910.96(e)(3)(i)
Each high radiation area must be posted with a sign or signs bearing the radiation caution symbol and the words "CAUTION High Radiation Area."